DAVID GREENE, HOST:
After days of floating at sea, the Grand Princess cruise ship is about to dock at this time in California.
NOEL KING, HOST:
Yeah. There are round 3,000 individuals onboard, and at the least 20 of them have examined constructive for COVID-19. And the factor is, not all of them have gotten the take a look at but. Here is one passenger. Her identify is Debbi Loftus.
DEBBI LOFTUS: They have not even examined us but. So there’s one other query is – are we going to be examined whereas we’re nonetheless on the boat or we’ll be examined as we get off or we’ll – examined on the army base? There’s simply lots of questions and never sufficient solutions proper now.
KING: At this level, there are 500 circumstances in the US in complete, and greater than 20 individuals have died.
GREENE: OK. Let’s speak concerning the newest with coronavirus with NPR’s well being correspondent Rob Stein. And Rob, let’s begin with this cruise ship. What is occurring there in Oakland, Calif.?
ROB STEIN, BYLINE: Yeah. So David, the ship is predicted to dock in Oakland at this time. It is carrying passengers from throughout – dozens of nations and throughout the U.S. Greater than 20 individuals on board have already examined constructive for the virus. So authorities have arrange a system to get individuals who must be hospitalized off first, after which they are going to quarantine the others at army bases in several elements of the U.S.
GREENE: OK. In order that’s one ship. Let’s speak concerning the broader image right here as a brand new week begins. What do we all know at this level about coronavirus in the US?
STEIN: You already know, thus far, the West Coast continues to be hit hardest. You already know, there are greater than 200 circumstances between Washington state and California alone. However that is removed from only a West Coast drawback. Circumstances have been present in at the least 34 states now. Greater than 100 circumstances have now been reported, for instance, in New York state. And the primary case was reported in Washington, D.C., over the weekend, together with a number of different circumstances close by. And that features somebody who attended a conservative convention exterior Washington that was additionally attended by President Trump and Vice President Mike Pence. Actually, two lawmakers self-quarantined following that convention, Texas Senator Ted Cruz and Arizona Congressman Paul Gosar.
GREENE: OK. So we had been speaking about that we would see numbers actually begin to improve quickly within the U.S. That appears to be occurring. Clarify what is likely to be occurring.
STEIN: Yeah. You already know, so there was this large delay with testing, however testing is lastly actually ramping up on this nation. So we’re discovering circumstances now nearly all over the place the place we glance. And that is most likely going to speed up even quicker now as testing actually begins to take off and the virus spreads as nicely.
Nearly each state lab is now testing, and extra hospitals are testing. And federal officers, over the weekend, claimed that greater than one million assessments the federal government’s been promising for a very long time now are lastly being shipped out across the nation. Huge business testing firms are beginning to take a look at. So you could possibly see that, you recognize, this all provides as much as a state of affairs the place numbers may actually begin to shoot up even quicker now.
GREENE: So if the numbers are beginning to improve at a better fee, I imply, are we at a degree the place officers are going to have hassle ever containing it, or is that also potential?
STEIN: Public well being employees across the nation are doing what they have been doing now because the get-go, you recognize? They’re scrambling to identify contaminated individuals early and to isolate them and quarantine individuals as quick as they’ll. The concept there may be to forestall, you recognize, any trains of transmission from persevering with, attempting to interrupt these chains and include the virus. However that form of factor solely goes thus far. And so broader societal measures, so-called mitigation measures, are additionally wanted. Here is Anthony Fauci from the NIH.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
ANTHONY FAUCI: I do not suppose it could be as draconian as no person in and no person out. However there will be – if we proceed to get circumstances like this, notably on the neighborhood degree, there will likely be what we name mitigation, the place you may need to do, primarily, social distancing.
STEIN: So you recognize, an increasing number of People may see their each day lives get disrupted as officers attempt to include this virus.
GREENE: And lots of tough choices officers may need to make going ahead.
GREENE: NPR well being correspondent Rob Stein. Rob, thanks a lot.
STEIN: You wager, David.
GREENE: All proper. Now, Saudi Arabia has reduce oil costs, and that is due partly to the coronavirus.
KING: Here is what is going on on. Demand for oil has dropped as a result of individuals are touring much less and all these occasions are being canceled. That makes Saudi Arabia nervous as a result of its economic system revolves round oil. So you’d anticipate it to chop provide and drive the value again up. As an alternative, it plans to flood the market, which is able to have an effect on different nations that produce and promote oil, together with the US and Russia.
GREENE: And let’s usher in NPR’s correspondent who covers vehicles and power, Camila Domonoske. Good morning, Camila.
CAMILA DOMONOSKE, BYLINE: Good morning.
GREENE: So this an advanced however extremely vital financial story. So stroll us by way of precisely what’s occurring.
DOMONOSKE: Proper. So it begins with the coronavirus. And you concentrate on all of the issues which might be accomplished to sluggish the unfold of a pandemic. They contain individuals touring round much less, stuff touring round much less. That reduces the demand for gasoline. So costs go down, and that hurts producers like Saudi Arabia. So yeah, Saudi Arabia actually wished to push the value of oil again up. That meant chopping manufacturing the world over, not simply by Saudi Arabia. And there was a giant effort for weeks to get OPEC and its allies to agree on manufacturing cuts. Saudi Arabia was main the cost there. For this reason OPEC exists, proper? It is a cartel of oil producers that tries to stabilize costs when one thing like this occurs.
However OPEC is not as highly effective because it was once. And it will probably’t act alone and alter markets anymore. It wants assist. And particularly, it wants Russia. For a number of years now, Russia’s been going together with cuts which might be agreed upon by OPEC and giving some extra oomph to these choices. And this time, Russia stated no. Russia was not going to cooperate with cuts to manufacturing. And after Saudi Arabia misplaced that combat and talks broke down late final week, Saudi Arabia stated, OK, high quality. If we won’t hold costs excessive, we’ll push them as little as we probably can.
GREENE: OK. And what’s the affect of that, doubtlessly?
DOMONOSKE: Properly, low costs damage all oil producers. And I feel it is value emphasizing, they damage Saudi Arabia, too. Proper? However it is a weapon. It is actually known as a value conflict whenever you observe this technique. Saudi Arabia is betting right here. They’ve a lot oil, they usually can produce it so cheaply that they determine they’ll wait out the competitors, seize some market share and push Russia again to the desk to barter for long-term cuts. Within the meantime, this hurts a bunch of nations with economies that depend on producing oil, and it additionally hurts producers in America.
GREENE: And we’re already seeing the affect of this – proper? – I imply, after Saudi introduced that it could slash costs and begin flooding the market.
DOMONOSKE: Yeah. Markets went a little bit haywire. I imply, the very first thing that occurred was crude costs plummeted 30%. This was the biggest drop in years – nearly three a long time. After which this additionally had results throughout different markets. At one level, Dow futures dropped a thousand factors. S&P 500 futures dropped so quick it triggered these automated protections that put limits on buying and selling. There have been reverberations the world over.
GREENE: So questions on whether or not it is a negotiating tactic and Saudi can speak to Russia once more – however assuming this stays in place for a while, what occurs now?
DOMONOSKE: Properly, the query is how low oil will go. However you even have to recollect the rationale for this disaster within the first place, which is that the coronavirus was suppressing demand for oil. Proper? So there is a query about if Saudi Arabia is attempting to flood the market with low-cost oil, who’s even going to purchase that? And meaning shoppers will not really feel as a lot of a profit as they could in any other case as a result of when you’re not driving or flying, you do not get a profit from low-cost gasoline.
GREENE: NPR’s Camila Domonoske. Thanks a lot.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)
GREENE: All proper. So Bernie Sanders, final evening, was visiting one of many nice school cities of the US.
KING: Ann Arbor, Mich.
KING: Here is Sanders at a giant rally.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
BERNIE SANDERS: We’re able to making sweeping change if we now have the braveness to do it.
KING: Michigan is considered one of six states the place individuals will likely be voting tomorrow. There are 5 primaries and a caucus.
GREENE: And let’s meet up with NPR political correspondent Scott Detrow, who’s following all of this. He’s in St. Louis, Mo., which is one other state that’s going to be voting tomorrow.
Hello there, Scott.
SCOTT DETROW, BYLINE: Hey. Good morning.
GREENE: Let’s begin with Michigan. Why is a lot deal with Michigan as actually a giant one to look at?
DETROW: Two large causes – the easy one, it has essentially the most delegates at stake – 125 pledged delegates, which is greater than the present lead that Joe Biden has over Bernie Sanders, although, after all, they’re nonetheless determining some delegates from final week from California and the opposite states nonetheless sorting by way of its votes.
Extra importantly than the delegates, although, it is a state with enormous symbolic significance. First, for Bernie Sanders, this was the location of his largest upset win in 2016 towards Hillary Clinton. And in addition, after all, in November of 2016, Democrats misplaced Michigan for the primary time in a era. And this whole marketing campaign has actually been an argument over which candidate is greatest positioned to tackle Donald Trump within the locations like Michigan that flipped from Democrat to Republican in 2016.
So Sanders had that large rally in Ann Arbor with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. And in a single attention-grabbing second to me, he is actually gone from predicting that every week there will be report turnout – younger voters swarming the polls – to sort of urging, even nearly begging, younger supporters to indicate up and vote for him.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
SANDERS: Inform them to cease complaining and to face up and combat again.
DETROW: In order that’s Sanders there urging individuals on the rally to verify their associates get out and vote. His crew is basically conceding it is a must-win state, and you have seen him cancel occasions in different states, like right here in Missouri, to spend extra time on the bottom in Michigan.
GREENE: Properly, Scott, I imply, this mainly grew to become a two-candidate race after Tremendous Tuesday. As you have been watching this, what has stood out to you, you recognize, as you have been watching Sanders and Joe Biden?
DETROW: Yeah, Joe Biden has been on the marketing campaign path the previous couple of days in Missouri and Mississippi. But it surely’s attention-grabbing to me – he truly hasn’t been doing a ton of campaigning. It is nearly like a sports activities crew with a giant lead within the fourth quarter taking it a little bit conservatively, which typically does not work out for these groups with the large lead…
DETROW: …As we all know – specializing in rolling out all these endorsements that hold coming in. He’ll be in Michigan at this time campaigning there for the primary time earlier than this vote with California Senator Kamala Harris, who’s the newest high-profile Democrat to endorse him. And Sanders is definitely switching issues up a little bit bit at this time, too. He will maintain a roundtable on coronavirus in Detroit. That is not the kind of factor that Bernie Sanders sometimes does. And this is likely one of the first few acknowledgements, apart from a line at a rally right here or there, about this huge story that retains spreading however thus far has actually stayed out of presidential politics.
GREENE: So aside from Michigan, I imply, what does the panorama appear to be in all of those states tomorrow?
DETROW: Couple of attention-grabbing issues to look at – each Washington state and Idaho have switched from caucus to major. That could be a change that, although Bernie Sanders was the driving pressure in eliminating lots of caucuses, that has truly damage him. In states he received large in caucuses, he is had a tougher time in primaries. In order that’s one factor to look at, additionally voting in Mississippi and Missouri and, after all, Michigan.
GREENE: NPR’s Scott Detrow overlaying the presidential marketing campaign. He is in St. Louis. Missouri is likely one of the states voting in one other large voting day tomorrow. Scott, secure travels and thanks a lot.
DETROW: Thanks. Discuss to you quickly. Transcript supplied by NPR, Copyright NPR.